Clear and convincing evidence of deliberate or conscious malice.
The greater of three times compensatory damages or $500,000 in civil actions. (Does not apply to Wrongful Death, intentional torts, or class actions). Personal injury cases, however, are capped at three times compensatory damages or $1,500,000, whichever is greater.
Permitted if plaintiff proves that defendant was guided by an evil mind; spiteful motives; outrageous, oppressive, or intolerable conduct.
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